Originally, neutrophil granulocytes were described to phagocytose and kill bacteria. In 2004, a second mechanism in
which neutrophils trap bacteria with extracellular DNA
(NETs) was described by Brinkmann et al.
11 days ago
Genes of the major histocompatibility complex (MHC) (human leukocyte activation, HLA, in humans) and olfactory receptors (ORs) appear to be physically linked.
With the advent of biological therapies, better outcomes have recently been noted in the management of autoimmune diseases. Nonetheless, recent research highlights the salient role of modifiable behaviors such as physical inactivity on various aspects of the immune system and autoimmune diseases. Physical activity leads to a significant elevation in T-regulatory cells, decreased immunoglobulin secretion and produces a shift in the Th1/Th2 balance to a decreased Th1 cell production.